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An Introduction of Various Types of Anesthesia for Different Types Surgery

2019.09.12 / Thursday
An Introduction of Various Types of Anesthesia for Different Types Surgery

In this article, we will mainly discuss the best anesthesia methods and advantages of local anesthesia for different types of surgery.

We know that during local anesthesia, patients retain consciousness and have the ability to protect themselves.

Under the guidance of ultrasound, nerve block is easy to succeed, and it does not affect the timely operation.

No anesthesia machine, ventilator and other equipment, and clinical common surgery, most can choose different local anesthesia.

Cervical plexus nerve block can be used for neck surgery.

Limb surgery, upper limb use brachial plexus nerve block;

Lower limbs can be spinal anesthesia;

Abdominal surgery, such as stomach, biliopancreatic surgery can be epidural anesthesia;

Urinary system and obstetrics and gynecology surgery can also be mostly epidural anesthesia;

For children and infants, most of them can complete the lower limbs and perineal operation under sacral canal anesthesia.

Local anesthesia (nerve block) is preferred for the operation of elderly patients, and continuous epidural anesthesia can be used to complete the total hip arthroplasty.

Intercostal nerve block or local invasive anesthesia can be used in chest wall and laparoscopic surgery.

Anus, perineal surgery can choose local infiltration, spinal anesthesia or sacral canal anesthesia, such as patients in a tense state, can be given appropriate sedation and analgesics.

In short, in addition to craniocranial, cardiopulmonary surgery and children with poor coordination ability, suffering from psychosis or delirium, I believe that general local anesthesia is the first choice for common clinical operations, not only without postoperative wake delay, nausea and vomiting, fidgeting, and no postoperative pain, or delay their own activity ability.

Anesthesia choice depends on pathology and surgery, of course, the nature and requirements, but are appropriate for patient safety and comfortable for the first, by contrast, better than general anesthesia, the local anesthetic for intraoperative monitoring the same as the general anesthesia, electrocardiogram, blood pressure, blood oxygen saturation and breathe out co2 partial pressure monitoring are not at the end of the province, which is of particular importance to pay attention to the real-time monitoring for the patient's temperature, anaesthesia doctor advised to choose medical temperature probe monitoring patients with temperature changes, to find out the change of temperature in time and take corresponding measures.