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Importance of Incubators for Premature Infants

2019.07.11 / Thursday

Importance of Incubators for Premature Infants

Preemies are newborns born between 28 and 37 weeks of gestation and weighing less than 2.5KG.

As the name suggests, premature birth is defined as a newborn born between 28 weeks and 37 weeks after gestation and weighing less than 2.5KG.


Premature infants may have immature thermoregulatory centers due to premature birth.

The surface of the body is relatively large, and the keratinization layer of the skin is poorly developed, with less subcutaneous fat and thin skin, the skin surface and blood vessels are more prone to lose heat;

Premature infants also have a relatively small amount of total fluid content, and a poor tolerance to heat loss when the body does not store enough heat.

Less than full-term infants have brown fat, the main source of heat newborns need in cold environments.

The content of saturated fatty acids in subcutaneous fat is high, which means that premature infant’s subcutaneous fats are prone to solidification when exposed to cold, further reducing heat production.


The above reasons indicate that premature infants need to pay more attention to keeping warm after birth than full-term infants.


Reasonable warmth can improve the survival rate of premature infants, and the baby incubator can provide an appropriate environment temperature for premature infants who cannot maintain temperature regulation, greatly reducing the heat loss of premature infants.

In addition, the infant incubator can effectively monitor the vital signs of premature infants and is the main monitoring instrument for heat preservation, treatment and rescue.


The medical temperature sensor built in the incubator can monitor the temperature of premature infants in real time, which is conducive to the follow-up doctors to carry out various careful cares, effectively improve the survival rate of premature infants and improve their quality of life.